# The Double Declining Balance Depreciation Method

And, unlike some other methods of depreciation, it’s not terribly difficult to implement. At the beginning of Year 5, the asset’s book value will be \$40,960. In year 5, companies often switch to straight-line depreciation and debit Depreciation Expense and credit Accumulated Depreciation for \$6,827 (\$40,960/6 years) in each of the six remaining years.

• Notice in year 5, the truck is only depreciated by \$129 because you’ve reached the salvage value of the truck.
• The balance of the book value is eventually reduced to the asset’s salvage value after the last depreciation period.
• Depreciation rates used in the declining balance method could be 150%, 200% (double), or 250% of the straight-line rate.
• For accounting purposes, companies can use any of these methods, provided they align with the underlying usage of the assets.
• And if it’s your first time filing with this method, you may want to talk to an accountant to make sure you don’t make any costly mistakes.

Similarly, compared to the standard declining balance method, the double-declining method depreciates assets twice as quickly. Accelerated depreciation is any method of depreciation used for accounting or income tax purposes that allows greater depreciation expenses in the early years of the life of an asset. Accelerated depreciation methods, such as double declining balance (DDB), means there will be higher depreciation expenses in the first few years and lower expenses as the asset ages.

## Double declining balance vs. the straight line method

At the beginning of Year 4, the asset’s book value will be \$51,200. Therefore, the book value of \$51,200 multiplied by 20% will result in \$10,240 of depreciation expense for Year 4. The cost of the truck including taxes, title, license, and delivery is \$28,000. Because of the high number of miles you expect to put on the truck, you estimate its useful life at five years.

### Double-Declining Balance (DDB) Depreciation Method Definition … – Investopedia

Double-Declining Balance (DDB) Depreciation Method Definition ….

Posted: Sat, 25 Mar 2017 22:10:12 GMT [source]

Consider a widget manufacturer that purchases a \$200,000 packaging machine with an estimated salvage value of \$25,000 and a useful life of five years. Under the DDB depreciation method, the equipment loses \$80,000 in value during its first year of use, \$48,000 in the second and so on until it reaches its salvage price of \$25,000 in year five. At the beginning of Year 3, the asset’s book value will be \$64,000. This is the fixture’s cost of \$100,000 minus its accumulated depreciation of \$36,000 (\$20,000 + \$16,000). The book value of \$64,000 multiplied by 20% is \$12,800 of depreciation expense for Year 3. While some accounting software applications have fixed asset and depreciation management capability, you’ll likely have to manually record a depreciation journal entry into your software application.

## What Is the Double-Declining Balance (DDB) Depreciation Method?

A vehicle is a perfect example of an asset that loses value quickly in the first years of ownership. The result is your basic depreciation rate, expressed as a decimal. (You can multiply https://kelleysbookkeeping.com/the-difference-between-the-direct-and-indirect/ it by 100 to see it as a percentage.) This is also called the straight line depreciation rate—the percentage of an asset you depreciate each year if you use the straight line method.

In later years, as maintenance becomes more regular, you’ll be writing off less of the value of the asset—while writing off more in the form of maintenance. So your annual write-offs are more stable over time, which makes income easier to predict. By accelerating the depreciation and incurring a larger expense in earlier years and a smaller expense in later years, net income is deferred to later years, and taxes are pushed out. Calculating DDB depreciation may seem complicated, but it can be easy to accomplish with accounting software. To see which software may be right for you, check out our list of the best accounting software or some of our individual product reviews, like our Zoho Books review and our Intuit QuickBooks accounting software review. In earlier years, the DDB method gives a higher depreciation expense compared to the following years.

## Example of Double Declining Balance Depreciation

The idea is that the asset’s value declines more steeply in the early years of usage. The result is that the depreciation expenses are larger in beginning and then get smaller over time. Because the depreciation expenses are larger in the early periods of the asset’s useful life, the
savings are greater in the beginning of the depreciation cycle and the tax benefits come sooner.

• If you’re calculating your own depreciation, you may want to do something similar, and include it as a note on your balance sheet.
• By applying the DDB depreciation method, you can depreciate these assets faster, capturing tax benefits more quickly and reducing your tax liability in the first few years after purchasing them.
• Just because you may need to calculate your depreciation amount manually each year doesn’t mean you can change methods.
• In this case the straight-line rate would be 100 percent divided by the asset useful life or 10 percent.

Depreciation is an accounting process by which a company allocates an asset’s cost throughout its useful life. In other words, it records how the value of an asset declines over time. Firms depreciate assets on their financial statements and for tax purposes in order to better match an asset’s productivity in use to its costs of operation over time. Given the nature of the DDB depreciation method, it is best reserved for assets that depreciate rapidly in the first several years of ownership, such as cars and heavy equipment. By applying the DDB depreciation method, you can depreciate these assets faster, capturing tax benefits more quickly and reducing your tax liability in the first few years after purchasing them. However, using the double declining depreciation method, your depreciation would be double that of straight line depreciation.

In the first year of service, you’ll write \$12,000 off the value of your ice cream truck. It will appear as a depreciation expense on your yearly income statement. Double declining balance depreciation isn’t a tongue twister invented by bored IRS employees—it’s a smart way to save money up front on business expenses. There are various alternative methods that can be Double Declining Balance Ddb Depreciation Method Definition used for calculating a company’s annual depreciation expense. Once the asset is valued on the company’s books at its salvage value, it is considered fully depreciated and cannot be depreciated any further. However, if the company later goes on to sell that asset for more than its value on the company’s books, it must pay taxes on the difference as a capital gain.

It is also useful when the intent is to recognize more expense now, thereby shifting profit recognition further into the future (which may be of use for deferring income taxes). For accounting purposes, companies can use any of these methods, provided they align with the underlying usage of the assets. For tax purposes, only prescribed methods by the regional tax authority is allowed.

## AccountingTools

This results in depreciation being the highest in the first year of ownership and declining over time. Double declining balance (DDB) depreciation is an accelerated depreciation method. DDB depreciates the asset value at twice the rate of straight line depreciation. Bottom line—calculating depreciation with the double declining balance method is more complicated than using straight line depreciation.

### What is the 200db method of depreciation?

The 200% reducing balance method divides 200 percent by the service life years. That percentage will be multiplied by the net book value of the asset to determine the depreciation amount for the year.

The double declining balance depreciation rate is twice what straight line depreciation is. For example, if you depreciate your machine using straight line depreciation, your depreciation would remain the same each month. Under the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for public companies, expenses are recorded in the same period as the revenue that is earned as a result of those expenses. The best reason to use double declining balance depreciation is when you purchase assets that depreciate faster in the early years.